Tours in the area of Geologic Park.09/09/2014

Travel by cars:

Tour 1: Ha Giang – Quan Ba – Yen Minh

Destinations and travel products on tours include a number of geological heritage, cultural heritage and a tourist village of Mongolian ethnic as follows:

  1. Quan Ba Heaven Gate
  2. Tourist village Truc Son
  3. Tourist village Nam Dam
  4. Quan ba moutain pair
  5. Tectonic valley Quan Ba
  6. Flax weaving village Hop Tien, Lung Tam
  7. Tectonic relation between Bac Son layer and Hien river.
  8. Triangle facet due to new tectonic activity  of  Yen Minh and New Market in Lao Va Chai
  9. NW-SE direction cliff surface cutting through the right limestone layer.
  10. Karst arch in the north of Yen Minh on which consists of cuesta falls in different sides.
  11. Cliff systems cross along the limestone cliffs related fractures Yen Ming – Cho Moi is the boundary between Gam river and Hien river
  12. Relic of Vuong dynasty.

Tour 2:  From Quan Ba to the North West and Nghia Thuan

This tour has many caves, the boundary between Gam River and Hien River, Fault operation and special cultural features of some of the Mong villages:

1. Thanh Van Mong Village (village famous for corn wine production of Highland)

  1. Kho My Tung Vai cave and ethnic minorities’ villages.
  2. Primitive forest area – Tung Vai.

Tour 3: Yen Minh – Pho Bang – Dong Van

Some destinations with geological heritage and cultural destinations as following:

  1. Na Tau cave
  2. Swallow cavern
  3. Pho Cao cave
  4. Mong Pho Cao’s village
  5. Na Tau cave
  6. Unarranged relation between T1/T2 deposit in Pho Bang area
  7. Cuesta terrain in the north of Lan Si village, Pho Cao commune.
  8. Bee cave
  9. Break cliff in Pho Bang-Khau Vai, New Village – Pho Cao commune.
  10. Pyramid karst block on the leveled surface of 1300-1500m
  11. River agglomerate creating leveled hills on the bottom of Pho Bang valley.
  12. Karst valley to the North East and expanded to South West, narrowed to the North East.
  13.  Fault cliffs of North East cross along the limestone at Pho Bang valley.
  14. Pho Bang ancient town
  15. Moon cave
  16. Pyramid karst block on the leveled surface of 1300-1500m
  17. River agglomerate creating leveled hills on the bottom of Pho Bang valley.
  18.  Fault cliffs of North East cross along the limestone at Pho Bang valley.
  19. Karst valley to the North East and expanded to South West, narrowed to the North East.
  20. Fault cliffs of North East cross along the limestone at Bac Son layer and Sung La valley
  21.  Unarranged boundary between Bac Son layer and Dong Dang layer.
  22. Permi-Trias boundary in Lung Cam
  23. Claraia griesbachi fossil in Lung Cam
  24. Standard cross section of Hong Ngai layer
  25. Fossil area of Bivalvia-Entolium discites microtis (Olenec) at the standard cross section of Hong Ngai layer.
  26. Desert landscape stone at leveling surface of 1500-1700m
  27. Karst valley and range of tower limestone top in combination with North East Fault cliffs.
  28. Relic of Vuong dynasty
  29. Xa Phin 1 cave
  30.  Tower karst terrain of limestone in the North East Fault cliffs.
  31.  “Valley top” landscape, indicate rejuvenation karst at leveling surface of 1300-1500m.
  32.  The oldest relics of valley bottoms MeoVac hanging on the slopes at an altitude of 900m
  33.  The boundary layer of Bac Son limestone and terrigenous rocks  layer of Hien River at the Lung Tao-Tu San fault cliffs (F7)  create two different landscapes  
  34. Fusulinid limestone
  35.  Dong Van ancient town

Tour 5: Yen Minh- Du Già Reservation zone with some geological heritage features as follow:

1. Cliff systems cross along the limestone related to Yen Ming – Cho Moi fault is the boundary between Gam River and Hien River

  1. Landscape system of terraced fields and mountain.
  2. Na Tau cave
  3. Ban Vang cave
  4. Tower karst terrain of limestone top in the North West – South East fault.
  5. Tower brecciation limestone in the North West – South East fault.
  6. Cuesta terrain forms deflecting pyramid.
  7. Natural Reservation Area Du Gia
  8. Terraced field on terrigenous rocks layer of Hien River.

Tour 6: Dong Van-Lung Cu with some geological heritage features as follow:

  1. Trung Thoi fusulinid limestone
  2. Dong Van ancient town
  3. Gabro diabaz stone in black gray color and Cao Bang fault complex
  4. Fault cliff in Ma Lau-Dong Van (F6) cross along Bac Son limestone layer. The fissure separate longtitude, abrupt slope cross along Bac Son limestone layer.
  5. Tectonic contact between Bac Son limestone layer and terrigenous rock of Hien River by Ma Lau – Dong Van fault.
  6. V- Shape valley and facet related to the NW-SE fault. The NW-SE fault cliffs of Bac Son limestone layer and range of limestone, Si Phai chalky clay layer.
  7. Khe Lia Canyon
  8. Shining light cave
  9. Ma Lé cave system
  10.  Cuesta terrain forming on Toc Tat inclined limestone layer.
  11.  Arrangement relation between Ma Lé layer và Si Phai layer.
  12.  The NW-SE fault cliffs cross along terrigenous red rock of Ma Lé layer
  13.  Cuesta terrain lies slopingly on the arch core; Separate chalky clay limestone top is on the leveling surface of 1000-1300m
  14.  Euryspirifer tonkinensis
  15.  Bivalvia Pterinea fossil – mialeensis Mansuy, Mia Lé layer
  16.  Bivalvia Goniophora-Mytilarca fossil, Bac Bun layer
  17.  Cuesta terrain ancient detain in Xi Man Kha-Lung Man, cross through leveling surface of 1000-1300m creating ersion slope at the height of 400-500m and other vestiges of erosion slope.
  18.  NW-SE fault valley crosses along terrigenous red rock of Ma Lé layer.
  19.  The NW-SE fault cliffs cross along terrigenous red rock of Ma Lé layer
  20.  Unarranged boundary betweenLutxia và SiKa layers
  21. Ancient Fish fossil and aquatic plant in Xi Man Kha
  22.  Horizontal axis fold in the clay schist of Chang Pung layer forming in the period of Caledoni tectonic.
  23.  The North East fault cliff cross along marble of Chang Pung layer in the South of Lung Cu.
  24.  Lung Cu flagpole
  25.  Lo Lo tourist village in Chai Lung Cu (villiage of Lo Lo minority)

Tour 7: Dong Van-Lung Tao-Pho Bang with some geological heritage features as follow:

  1. Erosion terraces system and alluvial ground of Ma Lé stream.
  2. Cuesta terrain formed of single lying position of Bac Son limestone layer creating breathtaking image: turtle carried child finding the way to heaven.
  3. Terrain system formed by pediment process of Dolomite – easily broken limestone.
  4. Residuary of pyramid block or deflecting on cuesta terrain of Si Phai limestone layer và Toc Tat layer.
  5. Pyramid karst block with “mother”, “children” version on leveling surface of 1300-1500m
  6. The boundary between Bac Son limestone layer terrigenous red rock of Hien River layer by Lung Tao-Tu San (F7) fault to the NW-SE, adjacent to the South West of Dong Van trenched fault.
  7. Rock forest in Lung Tao
  8. Xa Lung 2 cave
  9. Xa Phin 3 cave
  10.  Karst valley and range of tower limestone top by North East fault.
  11.  Rock desert landscape on leveling surface 1500-1700m
  12.  Claraia griesbachi fossil, Lung Cam
  13.  Boundary between Permi-Trias, Lung Cam
  14.  Unarranged boundary between Bac Son and Dong Dang layers.
  15.  Cliffs by North East fault cross along Bac Son limestone layer in Sung La area.
  16.  Unarranged relation of deposit terraces Pho Bang area
  17.  Bee cave
  18.  Cliff fault of Pho Bang-Khau Vai, in New Village, Pho Bang.
  19.  Pyramid karst block on leveling surface of 1300-1500m
  20.  Sediment accumulation of river forming leveled hill on the bottom of Pho Bang valley.
  21.  Karst valley to the North West expanded to the South East and narrowed to the North West.
  22.  Fault cliff to the NorthEast cross along limestone range in Pho Bang valley.
  23.  Moon cave
  24.  Pyramid karst block on the leveling surface of 1300-1500m
  25.  Sediment accumulation of river forming leveled hill on the bottom of  Pho Bang valley .
  26.  Cliff fault to the NorthEast cross along limestone range in Pho Bang valley.
  27.  Karst valley to the North West expanded to the South East and narrowed to the North West.

Tour 8: Dong Van ancient town – Vuong dynasty with some geological heritage features as follow:

  1. Dong Van ancient town
  2. The most ancient bottom relic of Meo Vac valley hanging on the slopes at an altitude of 900m.
  3. “Valley top” landscape, indicate rejuvenation karst at leveling surface of 1300-1500m
  4. The boundary layer of Bac Son limestone and terrigenous rocks  layer of Hien River at the Lung Tao-Tu San fault cliffs (F7)  create two different landscapes  
  5. Pyramid karst block by the NorthEast fault.
  6. Xa Phin 1 cave
  7. Relic area of Vuong dynasty

Tour 9: Dong Van – Ha Quang Phin (Meo Vac) – Yen Minh with some geological heritage features as follow:

  1. Van ancient town
  2. The most ancient bottom relic of Meo Vac valley hanging on the slopes at an altitude of 900m.
  3. “Valley top” landscape, indicate rejuvenation karst at leveling surface of 1300-1500m
  4. The boundary layer of Bac Son limestone and terrigenous rocks  layer of Hien River at the Lung Tao-Tu San fault cliffs (F7)  create two different landscapes  
  5. Pyramid karst block by the NorthEast fault.
  6. Pyramid limestone top of Bac Son layer in karst valley due to operation of longitude fault.
  7. The forming process of pyramid karst blocks begin from a large rock block with break stone and cliff surrounding top.
  8. Cuesta terrain formed of single lying position of Dong Dang layer.
  9. Fault valley of Mia Lé stream, adjoined to the NorthEast with terrigenous rocks layer of Mia Lé, and to the South East with Bac Son layer.
  10. “Valley top” landscape, indicate rejuvenation karst at leveling surface of 1300-1500m.
  11. The forming process of pyramid karst blocks begin from a large rock block with break stone and cliffs.
  12. Pyramid limestone top of Bac Son layer in karst valley by the NorthEast fault.
  13.  Left cliff by the NorthEast fault cross along Bac Son layer, forming in the period of new tectonic.
  14.  Pyramid brecciation limestone in karst valley by the NW – SE fault forming in the period of new tectonic.
  15.  Pyramid brecciation limestone in karst valley by the NW – SE fault.
  16.  Ban Vang cave
  17.  Na Tau cave
  18.  Cliff system crosses though limestone by Yen Minh fault – New Market is the boundary between Gam River and Hien River zone.

Tour 10: Dong Van – Meo Vac with some geological heritage features as follow:

  1. Fusulinid limestone
  2. Dong Van ancient town
  3. Cuesta terrain as “toad” due to over thrust on Bac Son limestone layer.
  4. Lime-siliceous corrugated schist, Toc Tat layer
  5. Limestone lying unarranged on terrigenous -carbonat-silic, Si Phai layer by Ma Lau-Dong Van fault.
  6. Tentaculites-Nowakia otomari zone, Givet age, Si Phai layer
  7. Tentaculites-Nowakia richteri zone, Si Phai layer
  8. Tentaculites-Nowakia cancellata zone , Si Phai layer
  9. Tentaculites-Nowakia barrandei zone, Si Phai layer
  10. Tentaculites-Nowakia zlichovensis zone, Si Phai layer
  11.  Red limestone on Si Phai pass, Toc Tat layer
  12.  Unarranged boundary of Bac Son layer on Lung Nam layer.
  13.  The most ancient bottom relic of Meo Vac valley hanging on the slopes at an altitude of 900m
  14.  “Valley top” landscape, indicate rejuvenation karst at leveling surface of 1300-1500m
  15.  The boundary layer of Bac Son limestone and terrigenous rocks layer of Hien River at the Lung Tao-Tu San fault cliffs (F7) create two different landscapes.
  16.  Pyramid karst block by the NorthEast fault.
  17.  Pyramid limestone top of Bac Son layer in karst valley due to operation of longitude fault.
  18.  The forming process of pyramid karst blocks begin from a large rock block with break stone and cliffs.
  19.  Cuesta terrain formed of single lying position of Dong Dang layer.
  20.  Fault valley of Mia Lé stream, adjoined to the NorthEast with terrigenous rocks layer of Mia Lé, and to the South East with Bac Son layer.
  21.  “Valley top” landscape, indicate rejuvenation karst at leveling surface of 1300-1500m.
  22.  The forming process of pyramid karst blocks begin from a large rock block with break stone and cliffs.
  23.  Pyramidkarst block
  24. Range of limestone top lying in fault valley by the NW-SE.

Tour 11: Dong Van – Xin Cai – Meo Vac with some geological heritage features as follow:

  1. Fusulinid limestone
  2. Dong Van ancient town
  3. Cuesta terrain as “toad” due to over thrust on Bac Son limestone layer.
  4. Lime-siliceous corrugated schist, Toc Tat layer
  5. Limestone lying unarranged on terrigenous -carbonat-silic, Si Phai layer by Ma Lau-Dong Van fault.
  6. Tentaculites-Nowakia otomari zone, Givet age, Si Phai layer
  7. Tentaculites-Nowakia richteri zone, Si Phai layer
  8. Tentaculites-Nowakia cancellata zone , Si Phai layer
  9. Tentaculites-Nowakia barrandei zone, Si Phai layer
  10. Tentaculites-Nowakia zlichovensis zone, Si Phai layer
  11.  Red limestone on Si Phai pass, Toc Tat layer
  12.  Unarranged boundary of Bac Son layer on Lung Nam layer.
  13.  The boundary of Frasni/Famen layer
  14.  TheNW-SE fault crosses though Bac Son limestone layer and terrigenous rocks of Hien River layer.
  15.  Leveling surface of 750-950m with karst block including range of pyramid and inclined top falling into Nhho Que River.
  16.  Canyon of Nho Que River.
  17.  Fault cliff system lengthens to the NW-SE crossing along limestone and lime-siliceous, Si Phai layer.
  18.  The residuary of leveling surface at the height of 750-950 m on the edge of karst canyon in Tu San area, Nho Que River.
  19.  Tower viewing place.
  20.  Corrugation in balck gray limestone, Si Phai layer.
  21.  The corrugation of ancient sea bottom on the limestone of Si Phai layer, Ma Pi Leng mountain pass.
  22.  Nho Que canyon by fissured system separate longtitude across Bac Son limestone layer formed in the period of new tectonic.
  23.  Nho Que river’s fault lifted to the South west, collapsed to the North East  creating Nho Que valley which formed in the period of new tectonic.
  24.  The gigantic erosion terrace along the Nho Que River: about 500-600m high with deep ravine vertically stabbing to the cliffs.
  25.  Meo Vac valley in the V shape longitude crossing Si Phai limestone layer formed in the period of new tectonic.
  26.  Range of limestone top lying in fault valley by the NW-SE.

Tour 12: Meo Vac –Khau Vai Love market with some geological heritage features as follow:

  1. Range of limestone top lying in fault valley by the NW-SE.
  2. Pyramid karst block on the leveling surface of 1300-1500m height.
  3. Range of limestone top lying in fault valley by the NW-SE formed in the period of new tectonic.
  4. Relic of leveled surface of 1000-1300m và 1500-1700m in watershed area with rock desert landscape on different conical in the  development period of old karst.
  5. Corrugation in balck gray limestone, Si Phai layer.
  6. Cuesta terrain creates colossal sarrates Si Phai limestone layer.
  7. Khau Vai love market located in the boundary of terrigenous rock of Hien River layer and Bac Son layer.
  8. Foraminifera Meandrospira pusilla olenec zone in the high part of Hong Ngai area.

Tour 13: Meo Vạc – Yen Minh with some geological heritage features as follow:

1. Range of limestone top lying in fault valley by the NW-SE

  1. Pyramid karst block
  2. Meo Vong 1, 2 caves
  3. Sung Ke 2 cave
  4. Sung Ke 3 cave
  5. Range of pyramid limestone top of Bac Son layer lying in fault valley by the North East.
  6. Left cliff by the NorthEast fault cross along Bac Son layer, forming in the period of new tectonic.
  7. Pyramid brecciation limestone ranges in karst valley by the NW – SE fault forming in the period of new tectonic.
  8. Pyramid limestone top of Bac Son layer lying in fault valley by the NW- SE.
  9.  Ban Vang cave
  10.  Na Tau cave
  11.  Cliff systems crossing the limestone related to Yen Ming – Cho Moi – Kim Hy fault is the boundary between Gam River and Hien River.

 Travel by boat (machine boat, rubber boat, canoe):

Tour 14: Along Nho Que River (in the territory of Vietnam)

Tour 15: Along Nhiem River, starting from outgoing feeder in Mau Due

Tour 16: Along Mien River-Ha Giang

Jogging / horse riding / hiking / climbing / caves exploration / cable hanger etc…Some suggested tours:

  1. Sightseeing excursion, resting in ethnic cultural village, combined with studying the geological heritage, for example black Lo Lo village in Lung Cu, cultural village – Khau Vai tourist commune – Meo Vac, Tung Sang tourist village – Dong Van, fairs in Bach Dich-Yen Minh, fairs in Quyet Tien and Bo Y village in Quan Ba, etc.;
  2. Combining visit beautiful caves and comely ground (common) such as Moon cave in Pho Bang, Dragon cave in Sang Tung, outgoing feeder in Mau Due etc…;
  3. Discovery, cave exploration for difficult ground requiring  technical (Professional) such as Bee cave, Pa Ca  in Pho Bang, Ma Lé 1 and 2 in Dong Van, Lung Chinh in Meo Vac etc…
  4. Climbing/ hiking/ cable hanger in the Nho Que River’s canyon, etc…